Because the wisdom tooth has not fully erupted into the mouth, it is often necessary to make a cut in the gum over the mouth.
Sometimes it is also necessary to remove some bone surrounding the crown of the wisdom tooth. Rarely the tooth needs to be cut into 2 or 3 pieces to remove it.
Once the wisdom tooth has been removed, the gum is put back into place with stitches. In the majority of cases these stiches are dissolvable and take around two weeks to disappear.